Government of India make a mistake

Did Modi's government make a mistake in reviewing the lockdown situation?







The first case of Coronavirus in India was reported on January 30, 2020 in the southern state of Kerala.
On March 24, 52 days later, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a lockdown across India on just four hours' notice.
On the same day, March 24, a total of 564 cases of coronavirus were reported across India, bringing the total number of deaths from coronavirus to 10. That is 1.77% of all deaths.
Now let's talk about the third week of May. The total number of people infected with the coronavirus in India is 108,923. According to government figures, 45,299 of them have recovered. The current death toll from the coronavirus is 3,435, or 17.3% of the total.
The question is, did India really need such a drastic lockdown?
On the other hand, there is a reality that the whole world is facing. That is unemployment. To go back to the abyss of poverty, to stay away from one's own. And the plight of poor workers in a country like India. During the lockdown, the workers went out on foot hungry and thirsty and got into accidents on the way.
An estimated 120 million people have lost their jobs in India so far due to the lockdown to control the Coronavirus.
Most of them are workers in the informal sector or on short-term contracts.
There are so many people who are not unemployed but who are sitting at home without pay and waiting for the offices to reopen because they did not get paid when the offices were closed.
The state of the country's economy is such that in the last two months, the government has had to announce a relief package of Rs 2 million crore.
To gauge the seriousness of the matter, let me tell you that this amount is 10% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP).


Why lockdown?
COVID-19 is a disease that the whole world is dealing with.
The epidemic, which began in the Chinese city of Wuhan, has targeted the world's developed and poor countries.
Be it Spain or Italy, the United States or the United Kingdom, Japan or South Korea, Canada, or Brazil, the virus has taken its toll on every country and killed people.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the total number of coronavirus cases in the world has exceeded 4.7 million, of which more than 300,000 have died.
Some countries in the world have implemented a complete lockdown to control it, while others have implemented a partial lockdown. That is, the lockdown has not been implemented in areas where there are few or no cases.




Where are the flaws?

According to Jyoti Ghosh, a professor of development economics at Delhi's Jawaharlal Nehru University, the Indian government delayed implementing the lockdown and, being a democracy, thought too little of its millions of poor workers.
"Neighboring countries like Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan have implemented the lockdown better than India," he said. He gave the workers ample time to return home and provided them with public transport. In India, on the other hand, poor workers were deprived of public transport for 45 days and were stranded wherever they were. Most hungry and thirsty. Then, under the pressure of the media, they started a special train service, but the fares were so expensive that even the middle class could not afford them.
The immediate implementation of the lockdown by the government had two purposes. The first is to stop the spread of the coronavirus because the rate of its spread, known as RO, had to be controlled, and quarantine seemed to be the only cure, according to experience in other parts of the world and WHO guidelines. Was
Globally, it is called 'Flat Do Crow' and this process gives time to arrange beds, oxygen ventilators, PPE kits for patients in hospitals.
The government may also hope to develop a vaccine for the virus during the lockdown.




The thing that kept hope

During this time two important things came to light. The first is how long it takes for a country to double the number of people infected with corona. This is known as the doubling rate and has seen a significant improvement since the introduction of lockdown in India.
And the second is 'R Not', which means how many people can get the virus from one patient. If the rate is less than 1%, it means that the number of cases of infection is decreasing while in India the rate is between one and two and a half percent.
Ashwini Upadhyay, a spokesman for the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, also acknowledges the problems caused by the lockdown, but his stance is slightly different.
"It's not true that the government didn't think about poor workers when it announced the lockdown," he said. The government was constantly monitoring it. But these conditions were brand new and India had no past experience to deal with them. Neither to any official nor to any leader. After all, trains did not have to be stopped during the war between India and Pakistan. Attempt completed. We wanted people not to be hurt, especially the workers. But these conditions proved that our brothers and sisters can also travel on foot. What a great passion they have and no shortage of skills.





Cases without symptoms added to the difficulty
Steve Hanke, a professor at Johns Hopkins University in the United States, points to corona-positive cases that do not have symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
If we talk about such cases, 60% of the cases of coronavirus

that have been reported so far are patients who did not have any symptoms of corona.
Professor Steve Hanke says: "The problem with coronavirus is that even a patient without symptoms can pass the virus on to others, so testing is the best way to deal with it. This is what Singapore did to detect the virus. The problem is that India does not have the resources to do so.
The WHO suggested a lockdown solution to prevent the spread of Corona, but also said that the virus spreads the most in two situations.
According to David Nabarro, the WHO's special envoy to deal with COVID-19, "the greatest threat is community spread, followed by cluster spread." Cases of community spread have not been reported in India, but areas like Mumbai and Delhi have been the most affected by the spread of the virus in the cluster.

Experts believe that the lockdown in India lasted for a very long time.
Leading heart surgeon Dr.

Devi Shetty says there was a need to focus on social distance by ending the lockdown on time in three to four weeks.
He had said in the third week of the lockdown, "We can say that India has decided to lockdown at the right time and has reduced the death toll from this virus by 50%." There are many countries that cannot do this. I don't think there's any medical reason to shut down the whole country other than hotspots. "
The lockdown could have been better implemented
Apart from medical experts, some political analysts are also keeping a close eye on the lockdown.
Aditi Fernandes, political editor of Newspaper Business Standard, is one of them. "The lockdown could have been done better," she says. For example, in northeastern states like Sikkim and even Goa, when there was not a single case, why should they shut down industries? If the Mumbai airport had been closed earlier, the situation would not have been so bad.
However, as the lockdown period in India increased, so did the list of Corona victims.
According to medical experts, it is estimated that the number of cases of corona in India will increase as India is improving testing facilities.
The government also says it has reduced the number of deaths from the coronavirus. If she hadn't locked down, these things would have been a lot.
BJP spokesperson Ashwini Upadhyay says, "The Modi government had carried out a nationwide lockdown keeping in view all the consequences."
But according to some sources, in a meeting with the chief ministers of the states, "Prime Minister Modi had hinted that the problem of poor workers would become so serious during the lockdown that the central government had no idea."





So why didn't the government care about migrant workers?
The question is how the government closed the whole country on four hours notice. Nepal also gave the people 12 hours before the complete lockdown so that they could return to their homes.
"Lockdown should be seen as an attack on the basic rights of poor workers," said Venkatesh Naik of the Commonwealth Human Rights Institute.
Bharatiya Janata Party spokesperson Ashwini Upadhyay says, "After the lockdown, the economy has definitely suffered." Work has stopped and people are worried.
But he also says what Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said on TV. "There is an opportunity for India to become fully independent."
Meanwhile, some facts have come to light to deal with Code 19.
According to well-known pharmaceutical companies, including the WHO, the vaccine that is being developed to prevent coronavirus could take up to 18 months to develop.
Meanwhile, some facts have come to light to deal with COVID-19 
According to well-known pharmaceutical companies, including the WHO, the vaccine that is being developed to prevent coronavirus could take up to 18 months to develop.
Top WHO medical experts say there are many viruses, including AIDS, for which no vaccine has yet been developed.
In addition, maintaining social distance is essential to keep the coronavirus away from you.
With all this in mind, public health experts and the editor of the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Dr. Amar Jessani, say that lockdown COVID-19 is not the last resort but a means.
According to him, lockdown is not a cure for any epidemic. The goal may be to reduce the spread of the virus. This is when governments prepare to deal with the virus. They have time to build hospitals, collect medical facilities.


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